Use of body composition analysis in cardiac function evaluations

cardiac function evaluationsAn interesting study from 2007 incorporated the use of body composition analysis using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA)1  In the study, multiple body components such as water, fat, mineral, protein and intracellular and extracellular liquid, were measured.  Levels of serum glucose, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, triglycerides, creatinine and uric acid were measured to evaluate the cardiovascular risk of the participants.  In summary, a metric in the form of Body Fat Rate (BFR;  body fat mass/weight) was identified to have a high coefficient correlations associated with both systolic and diastolic cardiac function, pointing to a potential application of BIA in clinical prediction of cardiovascular disease.

The study was conducted with a total of 325 healthy volunteers (217 men, 108 women) with an average age of 48 years.  Body fat mass and BFR were significantly lower in subjects with normal systolic function than those with defective arterial compliance.

1Zeng, Q., Sun, X.-N., Fan, L. and Ye, P. (2008), CORRELATION OF BODY COMPOSITION WITH CARDIAC FUNCTION AND ARTERIAL COMPLIANCE. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, 35: 78–82. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1681.2007.04749.x

 

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